Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease is a serious oral health condition with serious consequences. It is a progressive disease, starting out as gingivitis, barely noticeable. Your only warning signs are red, swollen gums that may bleed when you brush or floss. These symptoms are often ignored, so the condition worsens. If it continues to go untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and other health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and respiratory issues. At Fusion Dental Specialists, we can treat your gum disease, and help you to take measures to prevent it from occurring again. However, to prevent gum disease, it’s important to understand the causes.
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque and oral bacteria. Plaque builds up on the surfaces of your teeth throughout the course of the day. It is a sticky substance that can trap oral bacteria. Eventually, it can harden into tartar, which is rough in texture, able to easily build up even more plaque. Oral bacteria multiply quickly, and feast on lingering food particles in your mouth. Your immune system releases substances that inflame the gum tissue to fight off the bacteria. Swollen gums pull away from their snug position against your teeth, creating pockets. These pockets allow plaque to build up under the gum line, as well as allow bacteria to fall below. Once below the gum line, plaque and bacteria are difficult to remove and grow rapidly. This causes even more inflammation. The periodontal ligaments that support your teeth, as well as your jawbone, are attacked and weakened.
Common Risk Factors for Gum Disease
There are several risk factors that significantly increase your risk of developing gum disease:
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Regular brushing twice a day, along with flossing daily, is essential to the prevention of gum disease. So, too, are visits to our office at least twice a year for professional cleanings and exams. We can help you to take the appropriate measures to prevent gum disease, whether it’s proper brushing technique, giving up certain vices, or fixing dental issues. For more information on gum disease, and to schedule your consultation, contact Fusion Dental Specialists today at (503) 653-2299!
| 9300 SE 91st Ave, Suite 403
Happy Valley, OR 97086-3762